Friday, February 25, 2011

Timeline

3000 B.C.E. - China bred silkworms and made the first silk.

300 B.C E. - The Qin dynasty created the first form of centralized government in China. The Great Wall was completed. The Han dynasty overthrew the Qin and took power from there. Paper was first produced in China.

200 B.C.E. - The Xiognu (Huns) took power in Central Asia. The Silk Road was opened to the west.

136-116 B.C.E. - On a mission from Emperor Wu Di, Chinese general and envoy Zhang Qian made his first trip through the Silk Road, thus credited with opening the said route.

100 B.C.E. - Seeing the Parthians carry silk flags, Europeans showed interest in this fabric. This began trade along the Silk Road.

1 - A.D. - Buddhism spread into Central Asia. Sogdians traded on the Silk Road, which was now thought to have both a northern route and a southern route. Said road was mapped in an attempt by Claudius Ptolemy.

100 - The first Roman envoy was sent to China. Buddhism replaced Zoroastrianism as the main religion in central Asia. The Silk Road was stabilized by the Roman, Parthian, Kushan, and Chinese empires.

200 - Using Chinese thread, silk was woven into cloth. The Han dynasty ended, initiating fragmentation for China.

300 - The technique of silk production spread westward along the Silk Road. China was fragmented even further due to a Xiognu invasion.

400 - Silkworm eggs were smuggled out of China by a native princess. Central Asia started to build its own silkworm farms.

500 - Europe started having its own silkworm farms. China was reunited under the Sui dynasty.

600 - China was under the Tang dynasty. The Silk Road, which was now open to foreign influence, reached its golden age.

629-645 - Chinese Buddhist monk and translator Xuan Zang traveled along the Silk Road.

700 - Arabs captured Chinese papermakers, thus bringing paper and the technique by which it's made into Central Asia and Europe. China invented block printing. Both the Tang dynasty and the Silk Road began to decline. The Sogdians introduced glassmaking.

800 - China invented porcelain and gunpowder. Foreign religions are banned in China. The Chinese started to use the compass.

900 - The Tang dynasty ended, and China was fragmented again; it was reunited under the Sung. Playing cards originated in China and spread to Europe.

1100 - China was split into Northern Sung and Southern Sung. China invented paper money.

1200 - Because of the Pax Mongolica, trade along the Silk Road prospered. Kublai Khan defeated China and started the Yuan dynasty. The Mongols introduce paper money to Central Asia and Iran.

1271-1295 - With his father and uncle, Marco Polo journeyed along the Silk Road. They reached China and, ultimately, Kublai Khan's court. Later on, during his imprisonment in Genoa, he composed an account of his experiences.

1300 - A third route of the Silk Road appeared in the north. By means of the Silk Road, Ibn Battuta made a journey to China. The Black Death spread via the Silk Road to Europe, killing many. The Ming dynasty replaced the Yuan.

1400 - China closed its doors to foreigners. At this point, there is no more use of the Silk Road for purposes of silk. Thus, the Silk Road declined.

1600 - The Qing dynasty took power.

1800 - Baron Ferdinand von Richthofen was the first one to call the Silk Road by its current name. The Xinjiang Province was created.

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  2. I heard that Defcon is refunding all of the stollen bitcoins from Feb 2014. What do you think? Still think it was a scam? There is an article on it here. http://silkroaddrugs.org/

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